In the broad sense, child psychology focuses on the behavior and development of children. This starts as early as prenatal and continues through young adult. It looks in to emotional, mental, physical and social issues.
It was fairly recently that it was determined children are not just short adults. While this may be fairly true physically, mentally that is not the case. It has been shown there are significant differences between the way their minds work from and adult's
In learning about how children are so different from each other it can be honestly stated that child psychology today is a very complex subject. While some children have similar problems they cannot all be treated the same way. This adds the complexity, and creates an ever changing study.
Because it is ever changing, research continues. Because young minds are not completely understood, and generally cannot be specifically categorized there are many debates over procedures and even testing. One of the big debates is if earlier brain development at the infant stage has more impact than continued development that is seen in adolescent years.
Another area for debate is if nature plays as much or more of a role then nurture. Both have a direct influence on the development of the brain and characteristics. The debatable fact is just how much of an influence they each hold. While it is clear both play a part, the opinions of each doctor is as wide ranged as the patience they see.
Because this is still a fairly new area of study early development is often viewed as being primarily influenced by genetic traits. While this is part of the influence it is being discovered that there are many factors that mold young minds. The more that we research this the more we find that everything in is a mind builder.
Generally when a patient is being reviewed for treatment there are universal focal points. From the initial review it can be determined what areas need to be explored more in that particular patient. As the psychologist reviews the problem areas more it is likely the problem itself can be found and corrected.
One of the factors that must be considered in any patient review is the culture that is lived in. There are influential factors in every culture that must be considered. Because customs are passed down through the generations there may be rituals that are helping mold the brain that are different from the taught rituals.
Remembering that we must consider all of the intertwining works in each child's life we may be able to reach the core of the concern. It will help us to understand that patient and the relationships they share with peers, adults and family members. If the core concern is outside of relationships we can use this new knowledge to continue to investigate the concerns.
We must also look at the socioeconomic aspect of each patient. We need to determine diet, healthcare, financial standing of the family. We also need to review education levels of the family and the patient. These reviews will help us understand more.
Understanding child psychology at the most basic level has many benefits. When parents and school employees understand it they can change parenting and teaching habits to best teach and develop. Using what we learn will help make all children productive members of society.